Country(COUNTRY)


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Key

Value

Name
Country
Short Name
COUNTRY
Parent Entity
TypeField
Applicable To
England Northern Ireland Scotland Wales
Coverage

All OffVenueActivity entities

Description
This field records the country in which the off venue activity is taking place.
Notes

The valid entry returned in this field will establish the country where off venue activity takes place.

Providers in England, Northern Ireland, and Wales

Where off venue activity takes place on a remote basis:

  • If a placement is based in the UK and the student is living outside the UK, the country of activity should be returned as the appropriate UK country (providers in England may use the generic UK code).
  • If a placement is based outside the UK and the student is living in a country other than that where the placement is based, the country of residence should be returned in this field.
  • If a placement is based outside the UK and some of the activity takes place in person and some remotely from the UK, then
    • If 10 weeks or fewer are spent in the UK, then the country where the placement is based should be returned and the student should be treated as being abroad.
    • If more than 10 weeks are spent in the UK, then the appropriate UK country should be returned in this field (providers in England may use the generic UK code) and the student should not be treated as being abroad.

Providers in Scotland

Where off venue activity takes place on a remote basis:

  • If a placement is based in the UK and the student is living outside the UK, the country of activity should be returned as the appropriate UK country (the generic UK code may not be used).
  • If a placement is based outside the UK and the student is living in a country other than that where the placement is based, the country of residence should be returned in this field.
  • If a placement is based outside the UK and some of the activity takes place in person and some remotely from the UK, then the country where the placement is based should be returned in this field.

 

HESA Guidance

This coding frame is determined by the National Statistics Country Classification 2006 (NSCC), which is based on ISO 3166-1 Codes for the Representation of Names of Countries and their Subdivisions, and the United Nations' Standard Country or Area Codes for Statistical Use. In a small number of cases, the NSCC usage differs from the usage in ISO 3166 on which the NSCC is based. Where that happens, the ISO 3166 usage is given in brackets after the preferred UK usage, to facilitate cross-reference to the international standard. For example for code KR the description is Korea (South). The text in brackets, [Korea, Republic of], is the ISO 3166 description.

Where HESA publishes domicile and nationality data it does so using the National Statistics Country Classification 2006 (NSCC) code labels. HESA includes the ISO 3166-1 description [text in brackets] within the valid entry labels to ensure that labeling standards, both UK and international, are available only for cross-referencing. HESA does not insist that HEPs display these additional descriptions in their own output.

Note: 'no settled inhabitants' means no inhabitants apart from military and scientific personnel, staff of contractors, and seasonal residents. Codes for countries with no settled inhabitants are referred to in the guidance but omitted from the valid entries list, for example, AQ Antarctica.

GB, XF, XG, XH, XI, XJ, XK: United Kingdom

For domicile the separate country codes XF, XG, XH, XI must be used, and if domicile is known to be United Kingdom but the individual country is not known, XK must be used. The code GB is invalid for domicile. For nationality the code GB must be used. The codes XF, XG, XH, XI, XK are invalid for nationality. The code XJ is invalid for both domicile and nationality. Note that the code UK is not in the NSCC list and is invalid for both domicile and nationality.

GG, JE, XL: Guernsey and Jersey (Channel Islands)

The Channel Islands are not part of the United Kingdom and not part of the European Union. United Kingdom codes must not be used for either domicile or nationality. The Bailiwicks of Guernsey (which includes the smaller islands of Alderney and Sark) and of Jersey must be treated separately, and the codes GG and JE must be used for both domicile and nationality. The code XL may be used for either domicile or nationality, but only for student instances from 2007/08 onwards that were already current in 2006/07, to avoid the need for re-coding.

IM: Isle of Man

The Isle of Man is not part of the United Kingdom and not part of the European Union. United Kingdom codes must not be used either for domicile or nationality. The code IM must be used for both domicile and nationality.

CY, XA, XB, XC: Cyprus

The following treatment does not imply any recognition that the de facto Turkish occupation and control of northern Cyprus is legitimate, but does deal with the practical need to record the source of students. The separate codes Cyprus (European Union) (XA) and Cyprus (non European Union) (XB) must be used for both domicile and nationality. The code XC may be used for either domicile or nationality, but only for student instances from 2007/08 that were already current in 2006/07, to avoid the need for re-coding, or for new entrants in 2007/08 who entered through UCAS. Note that an appropriate United Kingdom code should be used for both domicile and nationality for students from the British sovereign military areas on Cyprus. The code CY is invalid for both domicile and nationality unless and until there is any change in the political situation, in which case the coding arrangements will be reviewed.

FI, AX: Finland and the Åland Islands

The Åland Islands {also known as Ahvenamaa} are an autonomous demilitarised region of Finland, and are part of the European Union subject to some derogations and special provisions. For domicile the code FI must be used only for Finland excluding the Åland Islands, and the code AX must be used for the Åland Islands. The passport held by Åland Islanders is an EU-style passport distinguished from the normal Finnish passport by the addition of the word 'Åland’ below 'FINLAND', but this does not imply a separate nationality. Accordingly, for nationality only the code FI is to be used, and the code AX is invalid.'

CD: Congo

Congo (Democratic Republic) [Congo (The Democratic Republic of the)] {formerly known as Zaire}.

FO, GL: Faroe Islands and Greenland

The Faroe Islands and Greenland must be treated separately, and the codes FO and GL must be used for both domicile and nationality. Note that, despite their relationship with Denmark, neither Greenland nor the Faroe Islands are part of the European Union.

FR, GF, GP, MQ, RE, YT, PM, PF, WF, BL, MF, TF and NC: French Republic

The French Republic comprises Metropolitan France (France Métropolitain) {includes Corsica}, the five Overseas Departments (Départements d’Outre-Mer, or D.O.M.) of French Guiana (GF), Guadeloupe (GP), Martinique (MQ), Mayotte (YT), and Réunion (RE), the five Overseas Collectivities (Collectivités d’Outre-Mer, or C.O.M.) of St Pierre & Miquelon (PM), French Polynesia (PF) [also designated as a Pays d'Outre-Mer], and Wallis & Futuna (WF), St Barthélemy (BL), St Martin (French Part) (MF), the Overseas Territory (Territoire d'Outre-Mer, or T.O.M.) of the French Southern Territories (TF), and finally New Caledonia (NC) which has a special status similar to a T.O.M..

Metropolitan France and the five Overseas Departments are all part of the European Union. For domicile, the code FR must be used only for Metropolitan France, and other codes must be used with their natural meaning, except that there are no settled inhabitants in the French Southern Territories, so code TF is invalid. For nationality the code FR must be used throughout, and all the other codes in this group are invalid.

IT, VA: Italy and Vatican City (Holy See)

Italy {Includes Sardinia, Sicily}.

Italy and Vatican City must be treated separately, and the codes IT and VA must be used for both domicile and nationality.

NL, AW, CW, SX, BQ, AN: Kingdom of the Netherlands

The Kingdom of the Netherlands comprises the European country of The Netherlands (NL); the Caribbean country of Aruba (AW), and the former island territories of the Netherlands Antilles: Curaçao (CW); Sint Maarten (Dutch part) (SX); and the combined special municipalities of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (BQ).

On October 10th 2010, the Netherlands Antilles (AN) was dissolved and its constituent island territories became constituent countries or special municipalities of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in their own right. Consequently, the Netherlands Antilles (AN) has ceased to be a valid code for entrants from 2011/12 onwards in DOMICILE, and has been superseded by the following codes:

 

CWCuraçao
SXSint Maarten (Dutch part)
BQBonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba

There is no obligation for providers to recode continuing students recorded with a domicile of the Netherlands Antilles (AN) to these domiciles, but they may do so if the information is available.

For domicile, the code NL must be used only for The Netherlands in Europe, and the codes AW, CW, SX, and BQ must be used with their natural meaning. AN may continue to be used for students who entered prior to 2011/12 if more detailed information is not available. For nationality the code NL must be used throughout, and codes AW, CW, SX, BQ and AN are invalid.

NO, SJ, BV: Norway and Svalbard and Jan Mayen

Svalbard (Spitzbergen) is an inhabited Norwegian territory in the Arctic Ocean. for domicile the code SJ must be used for Svalbard, and the code NO must be used only for Norway excluding Svalbard. For nationality the code NO must be used throughout, and SJ is invalid. Jan Mayen Island is included with Svalbard under code SJ, but has no settled inhabitants. Bouvet Island (BV) is a Norwegian island in the South Atlantic Ocean, but has no settled inhabitants, so code BV is invalid for both domicile and nationality.

MA, EH; Morocco, Western Sahara

Western Sahara (EH) is a disputed territory occupied and administered by Morocco (MA). The code EH should be used where appropriate for both domicile and nationality.

PS: Occupied Palestinian Territories

Occupied Palestinian Territories [Palestine, State of] {formerly known as West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and Gaza Strip} was changed in 2008/09 to reflect the change in the National Statistics Country Classification. It must be used where appropriate for both domicile and nationality.

PT: Portugal

Portugal {includes Madeira, Azores}.

ES, IC, XD, XE: Spain and the Canary Islands

Spain {includes Ceuta, Melilla}.

The Canary Islands are part of Spain, and hence of the European Union, but with some special derogations and provisions particularly relating to customs and fiscal matters. For domicile, the code ES must be used for mainland Spain and the code IC must be used for the Canaries. For nationality, the code ES must be used for both mainland Spain and the Canaries. The codes XD and XE, although in the NSCC list, are invalid for both domicile and nationality. No separate codes are provided in the NSCC list for the exclaves of Ceuta and Melilla on the coast of north Africa, and for both domicile and nationality purposes they should be regarded as part of mainland Spain.

US, PR, VI, GU, MP, AS, UM, MH, FM, PW: United States, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, United States Minor Outlying Islands, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau

The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is an Unincorporated Organized Territory of the United States; its current Commonwealth status grants it a measure of internal self-government, but the US Constitution reserves ultimate governance of the island to the US Congress and President. The Democratic Party 2008 Platform included an undertaking to resolve the permanent status of Puerto Rico by 2012, the principal alternatives being independence, US statehood, or a clarification of the present position. Puerto Ricans have been citizens of the United States since 1917. For domicile the code PR must be used. For nationality the code US must be used and the code PR is invalid.

The US Virgin Islands (the former Danish West Indies, purchased from Denmark by the United States in 1916) is an Unincorporated Organized Territory of the United States. US Virgin Islanders are citizens of the United States. For domicile the code VI must be used. For nationality the code US must be used and the code VI is invalid.

Guam (formerly part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific) is an Unincorporated Organized Territory of the United States. For domicile and nationality the code GU must be used.

The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (formerly part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific) is an Unincorporated Organized Territory of the United States; its Commonwealth status grants it a measure of internal self-government. For domicile and nationality the code MP must be used.

American Samoa is an Unincorporated Unorganized Territory of the United States. For domicile and nationality the code AS must be used The United States Minor Outlying Islands comprise Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island in the Pacific, and Navassa Island in the Caribbean. They are Unincorporated (Incorporated in the case of Palmyra Atoll) Unorganized Territories of the United States. They have no settled inhabitants and the code UM is accordingly invalid for both domicile and nationality.

The Marshall Islands (formerly part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific) are a self-governing state in free association with the United States. For domicile and nationality the code MH must be used.

The Federated States of Micronesia (formerly part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific) are a self-governing state in free association with the United States. For domicile and nationality the code FM must be used.

Palau (formerly part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific) is a self-governing state in free association with the United States. For domicile and nationality the code PW must be used.

The use of the code US for domicile is accordingly limited to the United States only.

CN, TW, HK, MO: China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao

China (CN) should be used for both domicile and nationality where relevant in cases not covered by the following guidance:

Taiwan (TW) - The United Kingdom does not recognise Taiwan as a state and does not have diplomatic relations with Taiwan. However, because the United Kingdom accepts passports issued by the Taiwanese Authorities for immigration purposes, it is necessary to use a separate country code TW for Taiwan in both the domicile and nationality fields. This has no bearing on the United Kingdom’s position on Taiwan’s status.

Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region of China) (HK) appears separately for historical and immigration reasons as this Special Administrative Region issues different passports from those of the PRC. This code is not regarded as having any implications for issues of nationality, but should continue to be used in both the domicile and nationality fields.

Macao (Special Administrative Region of China) (MO) appears separately for historical and immigration reasons as this Special Administrative Region issues different passports from those of the PRC. This code is not regarded as having any implications for issues of nationality, but should continue to be used in both the domicile and nationality fields.

AU, CX, CC, NF, HM: Australia, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Norfolk Island, Heard Island and MacDonald Islands.

Christmas Island is a non-self-governing territory of Australia. For domicile the code CX must be used. For nationality the code AU must be used and the code CX is invalid.

Cocos (Keeling) Islands is a non-self-governing territory of Australia. For domicile the code CC must be used. For nationality the code AU must be used and the code CC is invalid.

Norfolk Island is a non-self-governing territory of Australia. For domicile the code NF must be used. For nationality the code AU must be used and the code NF is invalid.

Heard Island and MacDonald Islands are a territory of Australia with no settled inhabitants. The code HM is accordingly invalid for both domicile and nationality

The use of the code AU for domicile is accordingly limited to Australia only.

NZ, CK, NU, TK: New Zealand, Cook Islands, Niue, and Tokelau

The Cook Islands are a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand; they form part of the Realm of New Zealand and Cook Islanders are New Zealand citizens. Accordingly, for domicile the code CK must be used for the Cook Islands, but for nationality the code NZ must be used and the code CK is invalid.

Niue is a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand; it forms part of the Realm of New Zealand and Niueans are New Zealand citizens. Accordingly, for domicile the code NU must be used for Niue, but for nationality the code NZ must be used and the code NU is invalid.

Tokelau is a non-self-governing territory of New Zealand. A proposal for Tokelau to become a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand, on a basis similar to that of the Cook Islands and Niue, narrowly failed to achieve the required two-thirds majority at a second referendum on self-determination in 2007. Following that outcome, further consideration of any change in the status of the territory has been suspended sine die. Accordingly, for domicile the code TK must be used, but for nationality the code NZ must be used and the code TK is invalid.

The use of the code NZ for domicile is accordingly limited to New Zealand only.

IO: British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT)

The Chagos Islands form the principal part of this territory, and these include the island of Diego Garcia which is a leased to the United States of America as a major military base. The indigenous inhabitants of BIOT have been displaced elsewhere, and the territory accordingly has no settled inhabitants at present (on the above definition). Accordingly the code IO is invalid for domicile, but may be used as a nationality code for displaced indigenous inhabitants. IO will be made valid for domicile if at some point return of the indigenous inhabitants is permitted.

AQ: Antarctica

Since there are no settled inhabitants in Antarctica, code AQ is invalid for both domicile and nationality and is omitted from the list. See also code XX. Although there are a number of national territorial claims to parts of Antarctica, these have been in abeyance since the coming into force of the Antarctic Treaty in 1961.

QO: Kosovo

A new code for Kosovo (QO) has been added to the classification in acknowledgement of the UK’s recognition of Kosovo as an independent nation. This code is available for use from 2007/08, but providers are not required to re-code existing students.

SD and SS: Sudan and South Sudan

South Sudan (SS), formerly part of Sudan (SD), became a country in its own right on July 9th 2011. There is no obligation for providers to recode continuing students recorded with a domicile of Sudan (SD) to the newer domicile, but they may do so if the information is available.

XM, XN, XO, EU, XP–XX, XY, XZ, AA, ZZ: Obsolete Countries, Regions, Stateless, and Unknown

Codes XM, XN, XO, AA may not be used for domicile, for which they are invalid. The regional codes EU and XP to XX may be used if domicile is known only to this level of accuracy, in preference to using ZZ which should be a last resort. EU should be used in preference to XP if appropriate. For nationality, codes XM, XN, XO may be used only for students who hold these obsolete nationalities and no other, presumably because they emigrated at a time when the nationalities were current and they have never acquired any other nationality. Codes EU and XP to XX may not be used for nationality, for which they are invalid. Code XX may be used only in relation to Oceania, not Antarctica. Code AA should be used only when a student is known to be stateless, and code ZZ should be used when nationality is not known or when it is impossible from the available documentation to assign a nationality from the above list. Codes XY and XZ although in the NSCC list, are invalid for both domicile and nationality. Note that codes AA, EU and ZZ do not appear on the NSCC list.

 

Reason Required
To permit geographical analysis of cohorts and their Off-venue activities.
Field Length
2
Quality RulesQuality Rules to follow
Minimum Occurrence
1
Maximum Occurrence
1
Primary Key?
False
Valid Values
CodeCoding Frame Label
ADAndorra
AEUnited Arab Emirates
AFAfghanistan
AGAntigua and Barbuda
AIAnguilla
ALAlbania
AMArmenia
ANNetherlands Antilles
AOAngola
AQAntarctica
ARArgentina
ASAmerican Samoa
ATAustria
AUAustralia
AWAruba
AXÅland Islands
AZAzerbaijan
BABosnia and Herzegovina
BBBarbados
BDBangladesh
BEBelgium
BFBurkina Faso
BGBulgaria
BHBahrain
BIBurundi
BJBenin
BLSt Barthélemy
BMBermuda
BNBrunei [Brunei Darussalam]
BOBolivia [Bolivia, Plurinational State of]
BQBonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba
BRBrazil
BSBahamas, The
BTBhutan
BVBouvet Island
BWBotswana
BYBelarus
BZBelize
CACanada
CCCocos (Keeling) Islands
CDCongo (Democratic Republic) [Congo (The Democratic Republic of the)]
CFCentral African Republic
CGCongo
CHSwitzerland
CIIvory Coast [Côte D'ivoire]
CKCook Islands
CLChile
CMCameroon
CNChina
COColombia
CRCosta Rica
CUCuba
CVCape Verde
CWCuraçao
CXChristmas Island
CZCzech Republic
DEGermany
DJDjibouti
DKDenmark
DMDominica
DODominican Republic
DZAlgeria
ECEcuador
EEEstonia
EGEgypt
EHWestern Sahara
EREritrea
ESSpain
ETEthiopia
EUEuropean Union not otherwise specified
FIFinland
FJFiji
FKFalkland Islands [Falkland Islands (Malvinas)]
FMMicronesia [Micronesia, Federated States of]
FOFaroe Islands
FRFrance
GAGabon
GBUnited Kingdom
GDGrenada
GEGeorgia
GFFrench Guiana
GGGuernsey
GHGhana
GIGibraltar
GLGreenland
GMGambia, The
GNGuinea
GPGuadeloupe
GQEquatorial Guinea
GRGreece
GSSouth Georgia and The South Sandwich Islands
GTGuatemala
GUGuam
GWGuinea-Bissau
GYGuyana
HKHong Kong (Special Administrative Region of China) [Hong Kong]
HMHeard Island and McDonald Islands
HNHonduras
HRCroatia
HTHaiti
HUHungary
ICCanary Islands
IDIndonesia
IEIreland
ILIsrael
IMIsle of Man
INIndia
IOBritish Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT)
IQIraq
IRIran [Iran, Islamic Republic of]
ISIceland
ITItaly
JEJersey
JMJamaica
JOJordan
JPJapan
KEKenya
KGKyrgyzstan
KHCambodia
KIKiribati
KMComoros
KNSt Kitts and Nevis
KPKorea (North) [Korea, Democratic People's Republic of]
KRKorea (South) [Korea, Republic of]
KWKuwait
KYCayman Islands
KZKazakhstan
LALaos [Lao People's Democratic Republic]
LBLebanon
LCSt Lucia
LILiechtenstein
LKSri Lanka
LRLiberia
LSLesotho
LTLithuania
LULuxembourg
LVLatvia
LYLibya
MAMorocco
MCMonaco
MDMoldova [Moldova, Republic of]
MEMontenegro
MFSt Martin (French Part) [St Martin]
MGMadagascar
MHMarshall Islands
MKNorth Macedonia
MLMali
MMMyanmar (Burma) [The Republic of the Union of Myanmar]
MNMongolia
MOMacao (Special Administrative Region of China) [Macao]
MPNorthern Mariana Islands
MQMartinique
MRMauritania
MSMontserrat
MTMalta
MUMauritius
MVMaldives
MWMalawi
MXMexico
MYMalaysia
MZMozambique
NANamibia
NCNew Caledonia
NENiger
NFNorfolk Island
NGNigeria
NINicaragua
NLNetherlands
NONorway
NPNepal
NRNauru
NUNiue
NZNew Zealand
OMOman
PAPanama
PEPeru
PFFrench Polynesia
PGPapua New Guinea
PHPhilippines
PKPakistan
PLPoland
PMSt Pierre and Miquelon
PNPitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands [Pitcairn]
PRPuerto Rico
PSOccupied Palestinian Territories [Palestine, State of]
PTPortugal
PWPalau
PYParaguay
QAQatar
QOKosovo
RERéunion
RORomania
RSSerbia
RURussia [Russian Federation]
RWRwanda
SASaudi Arabia
SBSolomon Islands
SCSeychelles
SDSudan
SESweden
SGSingapore
SHSt Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
SISlovenia
SJSvalbard and Jan Mayen
SKSlovakia
SLSierra Leone
SMSan Marino
SNSenegal
SOSomalia
SRSuriname
SSSouth Sudan
STSao Tome and Principe
SVEl Salvador
SXSint Maarten (Dutch part)
SYSyria [Syrian Arab Republic]
SZEswatini
TCTurks and Caicos Islands
TDChad
TFFrench Southern Territories
TGTogo
THThailand
TJTajikistan
TKTokelau
TLEast Timor [Timor Leste]
TMTurkmenistan
TNTunisia
TOTonga
TRTurkey
TTTrinidad and Tobago
TVTuvalu
TWTaiwan [Taiwan, Province of China]
TZTanzania [Tanzania, United Republic of]
UAUkraine
UGUganda
UMThe United States Minor Outlying Islands
USUnited States
UYUruguay
UZUzbekistan
VAVatican City [Holy See (Vatican City State)]
VCSt Vincent and The Grenadines
VEVenezuela [Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of]
VGBritish Virgin Islands [Virgin Islands, British]
VIUnited States Virgin Islands [Virgin Islands, U. S.]
VNVietnam [Viet Nam]
VUVanuatu
WFWallis and Futuna
WSSamoa
XACyprus (European Union)
XBCyprus (Non-European Union)
XFEngland
XGNorthern Ireland
XHScotland
XIWales
XKUnited Kingdom, not otherwise specified
XLChannel Islands not otherwise specified
XPEurope not otherwise specified
XQAfrica not otherwise specified
XRMiddle East not otherwise specified
XSAsia (Except Middle East) not otherwise specified
XTNorth America not otherwise specified
XUCentral America not otherwise specified
XVSouth America not otherwise specified
XWCaribbean not otherwise specified
XXAntarctica and Oceania not otherwise specified
XYAt Sea
XZIn the air
YEYemen
YTMayotte
ZASouth Africa
ZMZambia
ZWZimbabwe
Revision History
Coding Manual VersionElement VersionNotes
1.2.01.1Guidance notes updated to include coding frame classification clarification.
1.5.01.2Update to guidance notes on what to return where off venue activity takes place on a remote basis. Information in braces removed from the following valid entries: AX, CD, ES, FR, IT, PS, PT to conform to the National Statistics Country Classification 2006 (NSCC), which is based on ISO 3166-1 Codes. The information is still available within the guidance.